Quorum sensing triggers the stochastic escape of individual cells from <i>Pseudomonas putida</i> biofilms

Condensed Matter journal club

Quorum sensing triggers the stochastic escape of individual cells from <i>Pseudomonas putida</i> biofilms

  • Event time: 11:30am
  • Event date: 15th May 2015
  • Speaker: Diarmuid Lloyd (Formerly School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Edinburgh)
  • Location: Room 2511,

Event details

Abstract

The term 'quorum sensing' (QS) generally used to describe the phenomenon that bacteria release and perceive signal molecules to coordinate cooperative behaviour in response to their population size. QS-based communication has therefore been considered a social trait. Here we show that QS signals (N-acyl-homoserine lactones, AHLs) are stochastically produced in young biofilms of Pseudomonas putida and act mainly as self-regulatory signals rather than inducing neighbouring cells. We demonstrate that QS induces the expression of putisolvin biosurfactants that are not public goods, thereby triggering asocial motility of induced cells out of microcolonies. Phenotypic heterogeneity is most prominent in the early stages of biofilm development, whereas at later stages behaviour patterns across cells become more synchronized. Our findings broaden our perspective on QS by showing that AHLs can control the expression of asocial (self-directed) traits, and that heterogeneity in QS can serve as a mechanism to drive phenotypic heterogeneity in self-directed behaviour.
Nature Communications 6 Article number: 5945 (2015)
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Authors

Gerardo Cárcamo-Oyarce, Putthapoom Lumjiaktase, Rolf Lümmerili, Leo Eberl