Bridging the gap between drop coalescence and interfacial rheology
- Event time: 1:00pm
- Event date: 14th December 2015
- Speaker: David Harbottle (University of Leeds)
- Location: Room 4305, James Clerk Maxwell Building (JCMB) James Clerk Maxwell Building Peter Guthrie Tait Road Edinburgh EH9 3FD GB
Flow assurance describes the economical and technically feasible transfer of crude oil from the reservoir to the processing plant or point of sale. The transfer is complicated by the numerous surface active agents native in crude oil that readily deposit at the solid-liquid and liquid-liquid interfaces. Such unwanted deposition can lead to costly production shutdowns.
In this presentation focus is given to the detrimental impact of asphaltenes. Asphaltenes are the heavy and most polar components of crude oil, readily partitioning at the liquid-liquid interface to form an interfacial barrier that hinders drop-drop coalescence. Using interfacial rheology techniques and an in-house built Integrated Thin Film Drainage Apparatus we are able to relate the interfacial film mechanical properties to the drop coalescence time. In the viscous dominant regime droplets coalesce with relative ease, while the droplets remain stable when the shear response is elastically dominant. This transition is a time-dependent property unlike the dilatational rheology component which always exhibits elastic dominance from short aging times. The mechanism for droplet stability is attributed to the high shear yield stress of the asphaltene film.
Demulsifiers are added to the continuous phase to enhance droplet coalescence. A biodegradable, amphiphilic molecule (ethylcellulose) was used to study the demulsification process. Demulsifier molecules compete for available interfacial area and displace the adsorbed asphaltenes. Since the asphaltenes are strongly irreversibly adsorbed, their displacement results in the formation of large asphaltene aggregates and voids in the interfacial film. Such behaviour is characterised by a diminishing shear elastic contribution, thus providing favourable conditions for drop coalescence.
Overall, the research is applying a range of highly sophisticated experimental techniques to better understand the interfacial layer properties and competitive interaction between multiple surface active species.
 Rane et al., Langmuir, 28 (26), 9986-9995, 2012  Harbottle et al., Langmuir, 30 (23), 6730-6738, 2014  Pensini et al., Energy and Fuels, 28 (11), 6760-6771, 2014  Natarajan et al., Submitted to Energy and Fuels  Liang et al., To be submitted
This is a weekly series of informal talks given primarily by members of the soft condensed matter and statistical mechanics groups, but is also open to members of other groups and external visitors. The aim of the series is to promote discussion and learning of various topics at a level suitable to the broad background of the group. Everyone is welcome to attend..