Energy fluctuations in driven systems

Statistical Physics and Complexity Group meeting

Energy fluctuations in driven systems

  • Event time: 11:30am
  • Event date: 30th November 2011
  • Speaker: Yariv Kafri (Technion Haifa)
  • Location: Room 2511,

Event details

When an isolated system is brought in contact with a heat bath, its final energy is random and follows the Gibbs distribution. The system’s energy can also be changed by performing non-adiabatic work using a cyclic process. Almost nothing is known about the resulting energy distribution in this set-up, which is in particular relevant to recent experimental progress in cold atoms, ion traps, superconducting qubits and other systems. Here we show that when the non-adiabatic process consists of many repeated cyclic processes, the resulting energy distribution is universal and different from the Gibbs ensemble. We predict the existence of two qualitatively different regimes with a continuous second-order-like transition between them. We illustrate our approach by performing explicit calculations for both interacting and non-interacting systems. Time permitting, I will also discuss more recent results on driven systems coupled to a dissipative bath.