Biphasic Active Nematics
- Event time: 1:00pm
- Event date: 2nd February 2015
- Speaker: Matthew Blow (Formerly School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Edinburgh)
- Location: Room 2511, James Clerk Maxwell Building (JCMB) James Clerk Maxwell Building Peter Guthrie Tait Road Edinburgh EH9 3FD GB
There are many instances of active matter coexisting with a passive fluid. These include active droplets, biofilms, bacterial colonies and carpets, and layers of active fluid on a substrate such as in wound-healing assays. In this work we perform dynamical simulations of a two-dimensional active nematic in coexistence with a passive isotropic fluid. In such a system the phase-ordering tendency of the surface tension is balanced by the stirring tendency of the activity, leading to a dynamic steady state with domains of finite size.
We show that active forces at the nematic-isotropic interface act to elongate nematic domains in the direction parallel (perpendicular) to the director field for extensile (contractile) systems. As a result, the system exhibits different length-scales parallel and perpendicular to the nematic director. Furthermore, this elongation effect, acting together with tangential flow fields generated at the interface, produces an effective anchoring of the nematic orientation at the interface.
In contrast to bulk active nematics, where point defects of topological charge +1/2 and -1/2 are always created and annihilated in pairs, we find that defect formation is dominated by the ejection of singular point defects with topological charge +1/2 from the interface into the nematic. This leaves the interface itself with a diffuse negative topological charge. We explain this topological asymmetry in terms of the active forces acting at a curved interface.
This is a weekly series of informal talks given primarily by members of the soft condensed matter and statistical mechanics groups, but is also open to members of other groups and external visitors. The aim of the series is to promote discussion and learning of various topics at a level suitable to the broad background of the group. Everyone is welcome to attend..