Swarming in the dirt: Flocking in the presence of quenched disorder
- Event time: 1:00pm
- Event date: 8th June 2015
- Speaker: John Toner (University of Oregon)
- Location: Room 2511, James Clerk Maxwell Building (JCMB) James Clerk Maxwell Building Peter Guthrie Tait Road Edinburgh EH9 3FD GB
The effect of quenched (frozen) orientational disorder on the collective motion of active particles is analyzed. We find that, as with annealed disorder (Langevin noise), active polar systems are far more robust against quenched disorder than their equilibrium counterparts. In particular, long ranged order (i.e., the existence of a non-zero average velocity < <b>v</b> >) persists in the presence of quenched disorder even in spatial dimension d = 3, while it is destroyed even by arbitrarily weak disorder in d ≤ 4 in equilibrium systems. Furthermore, in d = 2, quasi-long-ranged order (i.e., spatial velocity correlations that decay as a power law with distance) occur when quenched disorder is present, in contrast to the short-ranged order that is all that can survive in equilibrium. These predictions are borne out by simulations of both two and three dimensional systems.
This is a weekly series of informal talks given primarily by members of the soft condensed matter and statistical mechanics groups, but is also open to members of other groups and external visitors. The aim of the series is to promote discussion and learning of various topics at a level suitable to the broad background of the group. Everyone is welcome to attend..