How Far from Equilibrium Is Active Matter?

Condensed Matter journal club

How Far from Equilibrium Is Active Matter?

Event details


Active matter systems are driven out of thermal equilibrium by a lack of generalized Stokes-Einstein relation between injection and dissipation of energy at the microscopic scale. We consider such a system of interacting particles, propelled by persistent noises, and show that, at small but finite persistence time, their dynamics still satisfy a time-reversal symmetry. To do so, we compute perturbatively their steady-state measure and show that, for short persistent times, the entropy production rate vanishes. This endows such systems with an effective fluctuation-dissipation theorem akin to that of thermal equilibrium systems. Last, we show how interacting particle systems with viscous drags and correlated noises can be seen as in equilibrium with a viscoelastic bath but driven out of equilibrium by nonconservative forces, hence providing energetic insight into the departure of active systems from equilibrium.
PRL 117 article 038103 (2016)
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Étienne odor, Cesare Nardini, Michael E. Cates, Julien Tailleur, Paolo Visco, Frédéric van Wijland